Nelumbo Nucifera is also known by the name of sacred lotus, or simply lotus. It is the national flower of India and Vietnam, but is also native to Queensland, Australia. The flower is mainly cultivated in water gardens. The roots of the plant are seeded in the soil underneath a pond or river, while the leaves are visible afloat. The stems are thick, which holds the flowers well above the leaves. The usual height of a lotus plant is about 150 cm, with a horizontal spread of about 3 metres. The leaves can reach up-to 60 cm in diameter, while the beautiful flowers can grow up-to 20 cm in diameter.