Fennel is a perennial herb plant that belongs to parsley or Umbelliferae family, a large family of herbs and spices which is one of the most sought-after ingredients in various cuisines throughout the Mediterranean regions. The essential oil of fennel is acquired from the fennel seeds through steam distillation. Fennel seeds have been in use in culinary applications, medicinal purposes and as a mouth freshener since the early times. They used it medicinally for the treatment of snake bites, earaches, and lung and kidney infections and to balance the female reproductive system. Spiritually warriors believed that it gave them courage and strength in battle and longevity.