Dianthus Caryophyllus, known to us as Carnation, is native to the Mediterranean region, and has been cultivated extensively for the last 2000 years. It is a perennial herb, growing up-to 80 cm in length. The leaves are glaucous, with a tinge of greyish green to blue green. The slender leaves grow up to 15 cm in length. The flowers, which are produced individually, or maximum up to 5 in number at a time, are 3 to 5 cm in diameter. These flowers have a sweet scent. The colour of the original flower is bright pinkish purple, but cultivation of carnation of various other colours is prevalent.