Vitis vinifera is a grapevine belongs to the family Vitaceae. It is indigenous to Mediterranean region, central Europe, and south-western Asia. Its trunk length is 35 m. Its leaves are spherical or elliptical, lean, rough or somewhat spoilt on the edges with 0.05 to 0.23 in diameter. The flowers are plentiful and are orderly opposite to the leaves and grouped in bunch. The fruit, called grape, is pulpy with 6-12 mm in diameter, being circular and oblong in shape. The Colours vary on the kind of grape: green, reddish, dark red.
It is green in colour and has mild taste. It has very little or no odour.
It is extorted from the seeds of grapes by cold extraction method.
It contains mostly fatty acids of omega-6 unsaturated linoleic acid and omega-9 unsaturated oleic acid.
Uses of Grapeseed oil
Culinary: - It is multi-purpose oil used in the culinary world. Because it has a very soaring smoking point, it is economically used for frying. It can also be incorporated in dressings and sauces, and due to its emulsification property it is used in the production of mayonnaise.
Cosmetics: - It is combined with other oil to commercially produce various massage oils. Due to its lubrication properties, it is used in moisturising creams and lotions. It is also used as natural preservative in various body products.
Antioxidant:-The flavonoid oligomeric procyanidin, present in grape seed carrier oil make it a strong antioxidant. Due to this it can repair any cellular and tissue damage caused by free radicals.
Cardiovascular: - It lowers down the level of bad LDL cholesterol, herby strengthen the health of the heart and reduces any risk of coronary disease.
Diabetes: The presence of linoleic acid, which is a polyunsaturated fatty acid, has been proved beneficial in countering the diabetes.
Anti-inflammatory:- It acts a great reliever against pain and swelling caused by arthritis. Also the patient of rheumatoid arthritis used it to get relief from the non-bearable pain.